In this post, I am going to share a few methods that I use to help children comprehend nonfiction print and prepare for Accelerated Reader (also known as AR) tests. These tests on informational books can be tricky, and there are few things that drive parents crazier than helping a child prepare for a test at school and then finding that he failed- AGAIN! For some kids, it seems like no matter how hard they try, they simply can’t pass these comprehension tests on nonfiction books. Since I have a pretty good track record in helping children comprehend all types of books, it’s possible that these techniques might also work for you! And most of my kids usually meet their AR goals, too, I’m happy to say!
By the way, I wrote a post a few years back on helping children pass fiction story book AR tests. If that’s more what you are looking for, click here.
Just as a side note, I know that you may be one of many caring adults that has mixed or negative feelings about Accelerated Reader. As a teacher, I really like that I get constant feedback regarding the children’s reading comprehension and reading fluency levels. And AR also holds the children firmly accountable! If a child is reading carefully, they will usually do well. If they are not reading enough, they are accountable for that because it shows up on their test scores.
However, I wish that my students’ AR reading goals could be more within reach of a few that really seem to be trying their best, yet can’t quite keep up. It’s heartbreaking sometimes… however, I find that the longer I stay in one grade level (this is my second year in grade now), the more tricks I have up my sleeve to try, of course.
I got the idea for this post due to a comment that I recently received from a grandparent that is raising her grandson and is trying to help him. I’ve rewritten her email, with her permission below.
This is what I wrote to her in reply, with some edits. I’m going to condense a few responses to her into one response, though, to make this easier to read.
That is a very difficult problem! No, I do not know of any websites with sample nonfiction test questions. I’m so sorry! (Readers, I have posted some below!)
I would have him pay close attention to (memorize) whatever is in bold print, and the items that may be in the table of contents and in the glossary. Charts and graphs may also be important.
If a child is struggling with non-fiction, I often suggest that he or she bump DOWN a level for the AR books in that genre. It should not be out of the question to let him read easier nonfiction books until he gets the hang of it! In any case, the difference between a level 2.5 and a 3.5 book might be hard to spot, except that they are probably shorter. This would allow the child to reread the same material a few times before testing. Have you thought of asking the teacher if he could do that? He seems to already have a history of failing at comprehending non-fiction books, so it seems like a reasonable request.
When your child is reading a nonfiction book and wants/needs to pass an AR test on it, this is the key: The AR test will be almost as if you are taking a science or social science test. The kids are expected to not only comprehend but also practically MEMORIZE the information presented! That’s what makes it so hard! It often takes students, parents, and even their teacher by surprise, because nobody expected the child to have to have memorized the specific facts presented! But that is exactly what is happening about 85%-90% of the the time, I would say. I’ve watched kids take many, many AR tests, both fiction and nonfiction. I often wish that the questions that are asked would be more general, but they tend to lean towards more specific facts.
I believe that the point of this is that the children are supposed to start learning how to get information from print, rather than just enjoy it. So if your child is prepping for a nonfiction AR test, he is reading to learn, not learning to read. Does that make sense?
Good luck and God bless you!
This is the reply from the grandparent:
Here is a book that we use in my second grade classroom called Life Cycle of a Silkworm.
It is a level 3.2 book (early third grade), so it is a bit challenging for many of the kids, but since we study silkworms, I help them with it and most of the kids can handle it.
Here are some sample questions from the actual AR quiz:
What happens after the silkworm egg is warmed up?
(The center turns black.)
What is the only food a silkworm larva will eat?
It takes the silkworm larva three days to:
(spin a silk cocoon.)
How does the silk moth get out of its cocoon?
(It spits a special liquid that makes a hole in the silk.)
After laying her eggs, the female moth will:
(die a few hours later.)
Here are a few other books we use:
I hope that this has been helpful! Have a great week!
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